Thursday, January 6, 2011

მარია მონტესორი

კაცებს შეგვიძლია ვიამაყოთ, რომ გვყავდა ქრისტე, დარვინი და ეინშტეინი

ქალებს შეუძლიათ იამაყონ, რომ ყველა მათგანი გააჩინეს , რომ ჰყავდათ თამარ მეფე, სკლადოვსკაია და მონტესორი.
მათგან ყველაზე მეტად მარია მონტესორით უნდა იამაყონ.

ის 1870 წელს დაიბადა იტლიაში და 81 წლისა გარდაიცვალა 1952 წელს.
1907 წელს მან დააარსა " საბავშვო ბაღი" რომელშიც ბავშვებს თავისი განსაკუთრებული მეთოდით ზრდიდა. მონტესორის მეთოდი შემდეგ მთელმა ცივილიზებულმა მსოფლიომ აიტაცა,
ჩვენთანაც იყო, კომუნისტების მიერ მოდიფიცირებული,
30 წლის წინ ეს მეთოდი არ იყო აფრიკაში და ავღანეთ-ინდოეთ-პაკისტანში. თუ დღეს დანერგავენ, ამ ქვეყნებს 30 წლის შემდეგ ეშველებათ. მანამდე არა.

"Discipline must come through liberty. We do not consider an individual disciplined only when he has been rendered as artificially silent as a mute and as immovable as a paralytic. He is an individual annihilated, not disciplined."

"If education is always to be conceived along the same antiquated lines of a mere transmission of knowledge, there is little to be hoped from it in the bettering of man's future. For what is the use of transmitting knowledge if the individual's total development lags behind?"

"If an educational act is to be efficacious, it will be only that one which tends to help toward the complete unfolding of life. To be thus helpful it is necessary rigorously to avoid the arrest of spontaneous movements and the imposition of arbitrary tasks."

"There is in every child a painstaking teacher, so skilful that he obtains identical results in all children in all parts of the world. The only language men ever speak perfectly is the one they learn in babyhood, when no one can teach them anything!"

"An educational method that shall have liberty as its basis must intervene to help the child to a conquest of liberty. That is to say, his training must be such as shall help him to diminish as much as possible the social bonds which limit his activity."

"If we can, when we have established individual discipline, arrange the children, sending each one to his own place, in order, trying to make them understand the idea that thus placed they look well, and that it is a good thing to be thus placed in order, that it is a good and pleasing arrangement in the room, this ordered and tranquil adjustment of theirs -- then their remaining in their places, quiet and silent, is the result of a species of lesson, not an imposition. To make them understand the idea, without calling their attention too forcibly to the practice, to have them assimilate a principle of collective order -- that is the important thing."


Toma said...

აქ დღესაც კი იყენებენ მის მეთოდებს :)

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